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Arne Jacobsen


Arne Emil Jacobsen, Hon. FAIA (February 11, 1902 – March 24, 1971) was a Danish architect and designer. He is remembered for his contribution to architectural Functionalism as well as for the world wide success he enjoyed with simple but effective chair designs.

Jacobsen made prototypes for furniture, textiles, wallpaper, silverware etc. Among his most famous designs are The Ant™, Series 7™, The Egg™ and The Swan™, and the tableware Cylinda-Line.
 
Career
As a designer, Jacobsen made prototypes for furniture, textiles, wallpaper, silverware, and other items. The cooperation between Arne Jacobsen and Fritz Hansen dates back to 1934, but it was in 1952 the break-through came with the Ant™. It was succeeded by the Series 7™ in 1955. This propelled his and Fritz Hansen's names into furniture history.

Arne Jacobsen was very productive both as an architect and as a designer. At the end of the 50s Arne Jacobsen designed the Royal Hotel in Copenhagen, and for that project the Egg™, the Swan™, the Swansofa and Series 3300™. Arne Jacobsen was and is an admired and outstanding designer and architect.
 
Furniture Design
Egg ChairArne Jacobsen is remembered primarily for his furniture designs. His way into product design came through his interest in Gesamtkunst and most of his designs which later became famous in their own right were created for architectural projects. Most of his furniture designs were the result of a cooperation with the furniture manufacturer with which he initiated a collaboration in 1934 while his lamps and light fixtures were developed with Louis Poulsen. In spite of his success with his chair at the Paris Exhibition in 1925, it was during the 1950s that his interest in furniture design peaked.

A major source of inspiration stemmed from the bent plywood designs of Charles and Ray Eames. He was also influenced by the Italian design historian Ernesto Rogers, who had proclaimed that the design of every element was equally important "from the spoon to the city" which harmonized well with his own ideals.

In 1951, he created the Ant chair for an extension of the Novo pharmaceutical factory and, in 1955, came the Seven Series. Both matched modern needs perfectly, being light, compact and easily stackable. Two other successful chair designs, the Egg Chair and the Swan Chair, were created for the SAS Royal Hotel which he also designed in 1956.

Other designs were made for Stelton, a company founded by his foster son Peter Holmbl. These include the now classic Cylinda Line stainless steel cocktail kit and tableware.

Other interior design is a line of faucets and accessories for bathroom and kitchen,created after he won a competition in 1961 for his design of the National Bank of Denmark. This classic design is still in production today by Danish company Vola.
 
Awards
1955 C. F. Hansen Medal
1957 Grand prix, Milan XI Triennale, Italy, for Grand Prix chair
1962 Prince Eugen Medal for architecture
1967 ID-prize, Danish Society of Industrial Design, for Cylinde
1968 International Design Award, American Institute of Interior Designers, US, for Cylind
 
Gallery
Egg Chair Swan Chair